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C-C cross-coupling reactions of aryl chloride with olefinic boronate; 1,1-Dimethylethyl 4-(4-acetylphenyl)-3,6-dihydro-1(2H)-pyridinecarboxylate

SyntheticPage 942
Submitted Oct 30, 2020, published Nov 24, 2020
Shuhei Katsuta (

			Reaction Scheme: C-C cross-coupling reactions of aryl chloride with olefinic boronate

Chemicals Used

4'-Chloroacetophenone (TCI-C0033, as-received)
1-Boc-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-4-boronic Acid Pinacol Ester (TCI-B4051, as-received)
Tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) (Pd2(dba)3) (TCI-T2184, as-received)
2-Dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-dimethoxybiphenyl (SPhos) (TCI-D5036, as-received)
Sodium Sulfate
Ethyl acetate
SIlica-gel for chromatography


Under nitrogen flow, 4'-Chloroacetophenone (200 mg, 1.29 mmol) and 1-Boc-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-4-boronic acid pinacol ester (440 mg, 1.42 mmol) were dissolved in a mixture of toluene (5.0 mL), EtOH (2.0 mL) and H2O (2.0 mL). To this solution was added K3PO4 (820 mg, 3.88 mmol), 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-dimethoxybiphenyl (SPhos) (21 mg, 0.052 mmol, 4 mol%) and tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) (18 mg, 0.020 mmol, 1.5mol%). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 21 h under nitrogen flow. Then allowed to cool to room temperature and quenched with H2O (2.0 ml). The organic phase was separated and washed with H2O (5 mL) and brine (5 mL), dried over Na2SO4 (10 g), and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the crude product as orange oil. It was purified by column chromatography on silica-gel (Hexane 100% to Hexane: EtOAc = 70: 30) to afford the product as colorless crystalline solid (310 mg, 1.03 mmol, 80%).

Author's Comments

All chemical manipulations were performed in a fume hood. 
Before adding the reagents, mixture of toluene, EtOH and water was degassed by refluxing for 10 minute under nitrogen flow then cooled to room temperature.
This procedure is typical for Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reaction of Aryl chlorides.
Pd2(dba)3-SPhos can also be adapted to the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction of aryl chlorides having electron-donating or bulky substitutents.


 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.90 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.42 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 2H), 6.15 (brs, 1H), 4.08 (m, 2H), 3.63 (m, 2H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.52 (m, 2H), 1.47 (s, 9H).

Other References

Same compound was synthesized from Aryl bromide.
(1) Kim, Ronald M.; et al, Preparation of pyrazolecarboxylic acid derivatives as soluble guanylate cyclase activators, U. S. Patent, 20100216764 A1 2010-08-26

Supplementary Information

1H-NMR of target compound (1H-NMR.pdf)

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Get structure file (.cdx, .sk2, .mol)

Keywords: alkenes, carbocyclic compounds, coupling, transition metal catalysed

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