Mannich and Ring Closure; 1,3-Oxazinecoumarine
Submitted Oct 17, 2011, published Oct 18, 2011
Baris Kiskan (firstname.lastname@example.org
A contribution from
Chloroform (HPLC grade, Aldrich)
All reagents were used without further purification.
4-methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin (5 g, 28.4 mmol) and p-toluidine (3 g, 28.0 mmol) were separately dissolved in 1,4-dioxane (100ml each) . Paraformaldehyde (1.7g, 54.8 mmol) and NaOH (0.1 g) were dissolved in methanol (3 ml) with heating. This solution was added to the cold 1,4-dioxane solution of p-toluidine. This combined solution was poured into the 4-methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin solution and heated to reflux for 24 h. At the end of the reaction, dioxane was distilled off and the remaining solid was dissolved in chloroform, and washed successively with 0.1 N K2CO3 solution and deionized water until the light blue colour of the water phase disappeared. Subsequently, the organic layer was dried with anhydrous Na2SO4 and chloroform was evaporated to yield crude benzoxazine-coumarin. Recrystallization from minimum amount of THF in a refrigerator gave white crystals. (56% yield)
m.p: 163°C, 13C-NMR (62.8 MHz, CDCl3): δ 18.6, 20.5, 46.4, 80.3, 108.8, 111.6, 112.3, 113.5, 118.7, 123.5, 129.9, 131.6, 145.5, 151.2, 153.0, 157.3, 160.9)
Baris Kiskan, Yusuf Yagci, Thermally Curable Benzoxazine Monomer with a Photodimerizable Coumarin Group, J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem., 2007, 45, 1670–1676.
DSC (Dynamic Scanning Calorime (COUMARIN dsc.tif)
H NMR (coumarin H nmr.tif)
Keywords: addition, Benzoxazine, Coumarine, heterocyclic compounds, nucleophilic, Polybenzoxazine, Thermosetting