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N-Methylation of an oxazolidinone and reduction of an aromatic nitro group; 3-methyl-5-(2-aminophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazolin-2-one

SyntheticPage 493
DOI: 10.1039/SP493
Submitted Apr 26, 2011, published May 20, 2011
John Davidson (
A contribution from Crosslaw

			Reaction Scheme: <IMG src="/images/empty.gif">N-Methylation of an oxazolidinone and reduction of an aromatic nitro group<IMG src="/images/empty.gif">

Chemicals Used




methyl iodide



Adams' catalyst (PtO2.nH2O) 10.1021/ja01427a021


5-(2-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazolin-2-one (2.07 g, 0.01 mole) was dissolved in a solution of sodium (0.4 g) in methanol (25 ml). Methyl iodide (2 ml) was added and the mixture was heated under reflux for 1h. The excess methyl iodide was distilled off [Water bath] and water was added to precipitate 3-methyl-5-(2-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazolin-2-one (1.4 g, 64%).  This compound (1.046 g, 0.005 mole) was then added to a mixture of ethanol (25 ml) and Adams' catalyst (50 mg) and stirred under hydrogen. After 80 min, when 94% of the theoretical volume of hydrogen had been absorbed, the mixture was heated till it started to boil, and the platinum catalyst filtered off.  On cooling, 0.49 g of 3-methyl-(2-aminophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazolin-2-one was obtained. Concentration of the filtrate afforded a further 0.28 g making a total yield of 80%.

Author's Comments

This product was identical with one of the products obtained by the methylation of 5-(2-aminophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazolidin-2-one.


3-methyl-5-(2-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxazolidin-2-one, colourless needles, mp 123-124°

Found: C 48.74%, H 3.33%, N 18.66% Calc. for C9H7N3O4   C 48.87%, H 3.19%, N 19.00%

3-methyl-5-(2-aminophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazolin-2-one, mp 167-168°

Found: C 56.26%, H 4.64%, N 21.84%.   C9H9N3O2 requires C 56.54%, H 4.74%, N  21.98%.

NMR (in pyridine-d5) δ 3.37 (3H,s,Me), δ 6.3 (2H,broad s,NH2), δ 6.5 -7.6 (4H, m, aromatic)

Lead Reference

Davidson, J. S., Monatshefte fur chemie., 1984, 115, 565-571

Davidson, J. S., Monatshefte fur chemie., 1988, 119, 1027-1029

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Get structure file (.cdx, .sk2, .mol)

Keywords: alkyaltion, hydrogenation, methylation, reduction

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