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Selenation of a Grignard reagent; Bis(4-tert-butyldimethylsilyloxyphenyl)diselenide

SyntheticPage 430
DOI: 10.1039/SP430
Submitted Jul 04, 2010, published Jul 05, 2010
Christopher Cooksey (
A contribution from QUINTOX group

			Reaction Scheme: Selenation of a Grignard reagent

Chemicals Used

(4-bromophenoxy)(tert-butyl)dimethylsilane Page 429





A mixture of (4-bromophenoxy)-tert-butyldimethylsilane (23.8 g, 0.083 mol) and 1,2-dibromoethane (9.0 g, 0.048 mol) in diethyl ether (50 cm3) was added dropwise to a stir­red suspension of magnesium metal turnings (7.0 g, 0.29 mol) in diethyl ether (50 cm3) under nitrogen. When the reaction commenced more diethyl ether (100 cm3) was added and the rate of addition regulated to maintain gentle reflux. After the end of the addition the mixture was refluxed for 5 h. After cooling, the solution was decanted from excess magnesium metal. Precipitated selenium (7.0 g, 0.091 mol) added over a period of 15 min. Stirring was continued for 12 h, then, with ice-cooling, HCl (50 cm3, 2 M) was added and the suspension filtered. The phases of the filtrate were separated and the diethyl ether phases evaporated to give a viscous orange oil which was dissolved in ethanol (200 cm3), NaOH (2.0 g) added and air was bubbled through for 24 h. The dark solution was filtered with char­coal and Celite and evaporated to give a deep yellow oil (22.3 g) which was used directly for the next step.

Author's Comments

A Grignard reaction with added 1,2-dibromoethane (which ends up as ethylene) to promote a steady reaction and with excess Mg to ensure conversion of all the starting material was used. The product was not purified or characterised and was used directly for further syntheses.



Lead Reference

Riley PA, Cooksey CJ, Johnson CI, Land EJ, Latter AM, Ramsden CA., Eur J Cancer, 1997, 33(1), 135-143. PubMed PMID: 9071913. doi: 10.1016/S0959-8049(96)00340-1

Other References

Reich HJ, Cohen ML, and Clark PS, Organic Syntheses, 1979 59, 141 ; Coll. 1988, 533

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Keywords: Grignard, oxidation, selenium

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