Print version Print setup

Permanganate oxidation of a methyl group to carboxylic acid; 1,3,4-Trimethoxy-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydro-anthracene-2-carboxylic acid

SyntheticPage 455
DOI: 10.1039/SP455
Submitted Aug 02, 2010, published Aug 03, 2010
Christopher Cooksey (rsc@chriscooksey.demon.co.uk)


			Reaction Scheme: Permanganate oxidation of a methyl group to carboxylic acid

Chemicals Used

1,2,4-Trimethoxy-3-methyl-anthraquinone. page 443

KMnO4

Procedure

1,2,4-Trimethoxy-3-methyl-anthraquinone (1.047 g, 3.4 mmol) was magnetically stirred in pyridine (3 cm3) and water (7 cm3) at 85 °C. KMnO4 (1.5 g, 9.5 mmol) was added over 0.5 h. Heating was continued for 6 h the mixture was allowed to stand 2 d at room temperature. The mixture was diluted with water (10 cm3) and diethyl ether – hexane (3:2, 50 cm3) and the solution filtered. The residue was washed with 10% aqueous pyridine (2 x 10 cm3) and the phases separated. The aqueous phase was acidified with H2SO4 to give yellow needles (269 mg, 23%) of the carboxylic acid.

Evaporation of the diethyl ether – hexane phase gave the starting material (561 mg, 54%).

Author's Comments

Other attempts using KMnO4 as oxidant gave poorer yields:

t-BuOH reflux 3h (0%) (89% recovered)

aq. C5H5N 50-55 °C 15 h (16%)(38% recovered)

C5H5N, Bu4N+Cl rt 3 d (0%) (93% recovered)

NaOH, t-BuOH reflux 4 h (8%) (52% recovered)

Bu4N+MnO4 aq. C5H5N reflux 1 h (0%) (0% recovered)

After such persistent discouragement, an alternative route was found to be more successful: CH3 → CH2Br → COOH

Data

δH (CDCl3) 8.21m (2H), 7.78m (2H), 4.13s (3H), 4.06s (3H), 4.03 (3H)

EI-MS m/z (%), 342 (97), 312 (41), 310 (11), 309 (50), 298 (17), 297 (98)

Lead Reference

Smith CW, Ambler SJ, Steggles DJ, Tet Lett, 1993, 34(46), 7447-7450

doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(00)60149-1

Other References

Kreuchunas A, J Org Chem, 1956, 21(3), 368-369

DOI: 10.1021/jo01109a604

This page has been viewed approximately 10740 times since records began.

Get structure file (.cdx, .sk2, .mol)

Keywords: aromatics/arenes, carboxylic acids, oxidation

Post new comment
Loading ...