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TTF III. Decarboxylation of 1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dicarboxylic acid; 1,3-Dithiole-2-thione

SyntheticPage 279
DOI: 10.1039/SP279
Submitted Jun 05, 2008, published Jun 05, 2008
Nikola Paul Chmel (
A contribution from Scott group, Warwick University

			Reaction Scheme: TTF III. <span id="csm1274827672288" class="csm-reaction-type" title="Decarboxylation">Decarboxylation</span> of <span id="csm1274827349507" class="csm-chemical-name" title="1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dicarboxylic acid">1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dicarboxylic acid</span>

Chemicals Used

1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (Page 278),
pyridine (Aldrich),
hexane (Fisher)


1,3-Dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (15.2 g, 0.067 mol) was refluxed in pyridine (70 ml) for 3 h, then mixture was left stirred overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure with gentle heating to thick black oil (yellow film starts showing on the neck of the flask). Resulting oil was refluxed with hexane (200 ml) for 0.5 h at 95°C. Hot hexane was decanted and cooled in acetone/dry ice bath. Yellow precipitate was collected by filtration without washing, dried in vacuo. Extraction procedure was repeated at least four times. Overall yield 7.4g (82%)

Author's Comments

Has been performed several times with similar yields. Product may be stored for extended periods of time in dark, tightly closed bottle.


1H NMR (400MHz, Acetone-d6, 298K) 7.52 (s, CH); 13C NMR (400MHz, Acetone-d6, 298K) 132.28 (very weak), 207.11

Lead Reference

L.R. Melby, H.D. Hartzler, W.A. Sheppard, J.Org. Chem. Vol. 39, No. 16, (1974) 2456-2458

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Keywords: carboxylic acids, decarboxylation, heterocyclic compounds

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